Gum disease, also known as periodontitis or periodontal disease, is a dental problem that starts with bacterial growth in a patient’s mouth, and it may end with tooth loss as a result of the destruction of the tissues around the teeth if it is not treated properly. As such, gum disease is one of the worst dental problems that can affect people. Therefore, it is imperative for you to get regular dental checkups to ensure that any signs of gum disease and other dental issues are treated early when it is still easy to control them. An Everett gum disease specialist will also help you to understand the various steps that you should take to prevent yourself from gum disease and other dental issues. Below are some important things that you should know about gum disease.
Causes of Gum Disease
Plaque is the most common cause of gum disease. However, the condition is also linked to a number of other factors, which include:
- Hormonal changes such as the ones that occur during menstruation, menopause, puberty, and pregnancy
- Illnesses such as HIV, diabetes, and even cancer
- Some medications
- Bad habits such as smoking
- Poor dental hygiene habits such as failure to brush and floss daily
- Family history of gum disease
Symptoms of Gum Disease
In most cases, gum disease progress painlessly and produce few obvious signs, even in its latest stages of development. However, although the symptoms are ordinarily subtle, the disease is not entirely without some warning signs. Some of the most common symptoms that are associated with gum disease include:
- Bleeding gums during and after tooth brushing
- Tender, swollen, red gums
- Persistent bad taste or smell in the mouth
- Receding gums
- Loose or shifting teeth
- Deep pockets between the gums and the teeth
- Changes in the fit of partial dentures
But even if you do not notice any of these symptoms, you could still be having gum disease, and therefore, you will need regular dental checkups to be sure that you are safe.
Gum Disease Prevention and Treatment
There are several steps that you can take to prevent yourself from getting gum disease. For instance, you should quit smoking, reduce stress, eat a well-balanced diet, brush and floss at least twice per day, and avoid grinding or clenching your teeth. Treatment for gum disease usually depends on its stage. But generally, it involves promoting the reattachment of healthy gums to the teeth and stopping the progression of the disease. Treatment can also involve minimizing the risk of infection and reducing swelling and depth of the pockets between the teeth and the gums.
Overall, it is apparent that gum disease is one of the most dangerous dental conditions. It can lead to tooth loss and even affect the fit of dentures. Unfortunately, this is a disease that can develop and progress to its advanced stages without being noticed. Therefore, it is imperative for you to regularly get checked by the dentist to ensure that if you get this disease, it is treated early when it is still easy to manage.